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Gold Has Record Number of Contracts Cash Settle to Start June Delivery

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As expected, gold has turned in a fairly strong start to the month on the COMEX. It’s below April but is still early in the contract.


Figure: 1 Recent like-month delivery volume

As shown below, the amount on First Position was actually the highest since last August which should lead to high delivery volumes.

Figure: 2 24-month delivery and first notice

One factor that can drive total delivery volume is mid-month activity. Historically, this has been a tailwind for greater delivery volume. This month, it has started as a headwind. So far, the number of contracts that have cash settled has reached a new record.

See red line below. On the first day alone, over 2600 contracts cash settled. The next highest day was last December when 1373 cash settled. Why have so many contracts cash settled? Most likely because it’s getting harder to deliver physical metal. Ironically, this is also the opposite of what happened last month. But that was a minor month and most likely driven by BofA… potentially in an effort to prepare for the June delivery month (more on this below).

Keep in mind also, these contracts could have rolled the day before but decided not to. These contracts held on for delivery and then immediately cash settled.

Figure: 3 Cumulative Net New Contracts

Even with the cash settlement, there are still 3700 contracts remaining of open interest. This is roughly $740M which will bring this year close to the last two years from a notional delivery perspective. Without the cash settlement, this would have been the biggest June since the blowout delivery volume in 2020.

Figure: 4 Notional Deliveries

The House account activity shows more stress in the market. BofA has had to step up and deliver a huge chunk of gold (5k contracts). Starting in 2021, BofA has become much more active and seems to be serving as a backstop to the physical market. Accumulating metal in quieter periods and then delivering out when the market comes under stress.

As mentioned above, BofA was accumulating metal last month (when the price was higher) and the five months prior, only to deliver a large amount this month. Seems strange…

Figure: 5 House Account Activity

The physical inventory continues to demonstrate erratic behavior as well. In the last few days, metal actually moved out of Registered. This means as the delivery window approached, vaults reduced the amount of metal available for delivery. This could have been a factor driving cash settlement.

The theory is that right before the delivery period started, the available delivery supply dropped, prompting the need for cash settlement. As discussed many times, I believe the actual metal available for delivery is much smaller than what is displayed on the daily stocks report.

Figure: 6 Recent Monthly Stock Change

Gold: Next Delivery Month

Looking ahead to July shows gold slightly ahead of the average for the same time of the month.

Figure: 7 Open Interest Countdown

On a basis relative to Registered metal, it looks even stronger.

Figure: 8 Countdown Percent

Delivery volume remains steady in minor months, down from the peak but definitely still strong.

Figure: 9 Historical Deliveries

With the roll in the current contract from June to August, the spread has popped back up, once again in a very controlled fashion.

Figure: 10 Spot vs Futures

Silver: Recent Delivery Month

Silver has had 362 contracts delivered so far for June.

Figure: 11 Recent like-month delivery volume

The chart below shows that this represents about half of the contracts that were held as the delivery period got started. There are still 431 contracts in open interest which would bring the total to 800 contracts. Assuming that there are mid-month contracts for immediate delivery, June has the potential to be a big month.

Figure: 12 24-month delivery and first notice

June has been strong for the last two years. It seems unlikely that silver will beat out the 2021 or 2022, but it isn’t impossible.

Figure: 13 Notional Deliveries

The activity in the physical vaults continues to show a pull of metal out of Registered. All attempts to restock Registered have failed. Since May 2nd, Eligible has increased by almost 10m ounces, but this is still nothing compared to how much has flown out since the start of the year.

After the big move yesterday, total Registered silver now stands at 28m ounces. For context, that number exceeded 150m in 2020. Supply is only 18% of what it used to be.

Figure: 14 Recent Monthly Stock Change

House Accounts

The house accounts are quiet so far this month, delivering 161 contracts. BofA has been fairly quiet for the last three months.

Figure: 15 House Account Activity

Silver: Next Delivery Month

July silver is actually below trend for this stage in the cycle when looking at total open interest.

Figure: 16 Open Interest Countdown

When looking at a relative basis against metal available for delivery (Registered), July is actually well above other major months.

Figure: 17 Countdown Percent

Major month delivery volume has been dropping consistently ever since available supplies got so low. July has proven to be big in the past, so it wouldn’t be a surprise if it popped again.

Figure: 18 Historical Deliveries

The spread in the futures market remains elevated.

Figure: 19 Roll Cost

The spread in the cash market is still in contango, but moving down.

Figure: 20 Spot vs Futures


Finally, we turn to Palladium where delivery volume hit the lowest level since March 2020.

Figure: 21 Palladium Delivery Volume

The irony is that just a few days ago, the open interest was in record territory heading into the delivery window. This means that a ton of contracts rolled at the last possible moment.

Figure: 22 Platinum Countdown Percent

Looking at the physical inventory, there are only about 400 contracts worth of metal available for delivery. This could be the main reason why so many contracts roll… again, there just isn’t enough physical metal!

Figure: 23 Platinum Inventory

Wrapping up

The elevated delivery volume continues in both metals. It is down from the peak, but still quite high. Physical inventories have been depleted so there isn’t much metal left to backstop the delivery market. The data shows the pressure continuing to build. Eventually, the dam will break and the Comex will be forced to cash settle all contracts, not just 10% of gold contracts as they did this month.

Some investors are learning the meaning of – If you don’t hold it, you don’t own it.

Figure: 24 Annual Deliveries

Data Source:

Data Updated: Nightly around 11 PM Eastern

Last Updated: Jun 01, 2023

Gold and Silver interactive charts and graphs can be found on the Exploring Finance dashboard:

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